green metropolises the second year 2002

adresses support committee

The research themes in the Green Metropolises programme are listed below, although the distinction is not always strictly upheld; many of the projects would comfortably fit into several of these themes.

the researchers

1.  Wildlife and city.
A number of research projects have found that cities harbour a wealth of interesting animals. At the same time, however, cities are built for people. Attempts should therefore be made to combine wildlife with an attractive and clean housing and working environment.

2.  City and recreation.
It is important to have recreational facilities in the immediate vicinity of residential districts, where they improve the quality of urban life and liveability, public wellbeing and public health. Recreational facilities have become a major element in the design (or redesign) of new or existing areas. In a wider sense, the research addresses the issue of recreational land use in and around cities, based on people's wishes and expectations for the future.

3.  Infrastructure.
Many Dutch green space and conservation areas are dissected by heavy infrastructure, and government policies aim to defragment such areas. However, traditional solutions to this problem have proved inadequate: typical wildlife underpasses are only accessible to animals, while typical bridges are only accessible to traffic. Research is therefore focusing on multifunctional use of bridges and tunnels crossing the infrastructure ele-ments.

4.   City and agriculture.
For many years, agricultural activities were entirely geared towards the international market, and farmers have often regarded cities and urban culture as a threat to their way of life. Meanwhile, however, farms are increasingly diversifying and offer the cities a wide range of services, gradually restoring the links between cities and farming. The research on this issue focuses on the demand for 'green services' in cities, on the potential supply of services by farmers and on ways to coordinate this supply and demand.

5.  Green housing.
There is a great demand for green housing situations, but it is not always clear what constitutes a green housing situation. The projects in the Green Housing (Groen Wonen) network therefore aim to define this concept.

6.  Regional and urban studies:
(planning and the roles of the various actors)

Much research is taking place in exploratory projects, supporting the regional and urban planning processes. The aim is to achieve innovation at the urban-rural interface, and to define the roles of the various actors in this process of innovation, particularly the role of LNV.

7.   Policy support.
Policy-makers regularly feel a need for more knowledge on urban versus rural problems. The ministries of LNV, VROM and V&W all turned to the researchers with policy questions in 2001.

8.   Research students.
Cooperation of education and research

9.   Intensification.
A scientifical view on reality.